History of military intelligence - period of the First Republic
In the process of time, a younger generation of officers was coming to the posts in the Military Intelligence. These were educated in the Military Academy and War College. Even the level of intelligence activities led by the 2nd Department gradually increased. In 1930, it surpassed often the countries with a long-term intelligence tradition as a result of its offensive, defensive and study sections. The Military Intelligence Service represented the most efficient part within the Czechoslovak security system.
Focus of offensive and defensive activities of the Military Intelligence Service originated in potential military threats and task of the Czechoslovak Army. It had to provide security of the country, which was surrounded by the countries, which did not favor us, except a small part of a state border with Romania in the east. As we mentioned above, Germany, Hungary and partly even Poland laid claim to territories and took exception to policy towards the Czechoslovak Republic. Their national minorities in Czechoslovakia represented a fertile base for espionage and sabotage activities both in the peace time and time of increased alert conditions in the country and in the state of war. Austria represented smaller threat than above-mentioned countries; however, it was monitored by the Intelligence since 20's with regard to a traditional risk of restoration of the Hapsburg Monarchy that originated more in philosophic fears than in real threats.
Two groups were supporting members of the Military Intelligence. Search group, which is divided into offensive and defensive sections, and plan and study group (at present of information and analytic character). The main role of the offensive section of the search group was to gain external information on military threats. The subject of its interest were especially military, political and economic information, special significance represented information on military power of enemies, their training, organization and arms, replenish, supply, and especially mobilization plans. Of extra importance in activities of the offensive section was information on war industry, arms development, military unit and various military facilities dislocation, airports, stores, command posts, reserves, etc.