History of military intelligence - after the year 1990
Both parts of the Military Intelligence, separated in the period of the Communist Czechoslovakia, existed independently from 1990 up to passing the 1994 Act on intelligence services.
The most significant problem existing in the sphere of the state security bodies of domestic authority after November 1989 was obviously represented by the effort to prevent from abusing power of these bodies against the citizens. For these reasons, the No. 67 Act on Military Counter-Intelligence was passed in 1992. One of its parts is represented by an amendment of the parliamentary control of activities of this domestic security intelligence service, which carries out its tasks in the sphere of defense.
The constitution of the No.153/1994 Sb. (Code of Law) Act on Intelligence Services of the Czech Republic was a decisive step defining the existence of intelligence services. By means of the provisions of this standard, the repeated merging of the military offensive and defensive intelligence services into one intelligence service took place. This intelligence service is represented by the Military Intelligence as one of three Intelligence Services of the Republic. By way of diction of this act, the united Military Intelligence was established; it consists of two parts - the Military Intelligence Service, that is to say the Military Intelligence, and the Military Defensive Intelligence, that is to say the Military Counter-Intelligence. Nevertheless, the legislator's intention did not come up to expectation during 1994 - 2003 in fact. However, the Military Intelligence was headed by one Director responsible to the Defense Minister, the Directors subordinate to him - Director of the Military Intelligence Service and Director of the Military Defensive Intelligence - were responsible to him from the methodical point of view and in the chain of command only. They were not subordinate to him in the sphere of professional (special) activities of the wholes they commanded and controlled. This absurd situation was enhanced by the fact that the Director of the Military Intelligence Service was professionally subordinate to the Chief of General Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic and on the contrary the Director of the Military Defensive Intelligence was professionally directly subordinate to the Defense Minister.