History of military intelligence - period of the First Republic
Since the beginning of establishment, the Czechoslovak Republic had to deal with a series of problems of domestic character, which were, represented mainly by activities of numerous national minorities, which lived within the borders. The German minority expressed itself the most strongly in historical lands of Bohemia and Moravia and Hungarian minority did in Slovakia.
In October 28, 1918, the independent Czechoslovak Republic was established. In October 29, proclamations of German deputies to establish the "Deutschböhmen" in northern Bohemia with the center in Liberec and, next day, establishment of the "Sudetenland" in the territory of Moravia and Silesia with the center in Opava, occurred in Vienna. In November 2, the German deputies from the southern Moravia declared establishment of the "Deutschsüdmähren" with the center in Znojmo and Germans of the Bohemian Forest established the "Böhmenwaldgau" with the center in Prachatice. It resulted in the situation when all these declared provinces with the majority of German inhabitants wanted to join Germany or Austria. Since no positive reaction to the efforts was in Germany due to chaotic internal situation, these self-appointed representatives of the German minority decided to annex the four provinces to Austria. However, these irredentist tendencies had no real chance to be successful and they were liquidated just by military unit appearance in these parts of the new republic a month and a half later.
A similar situation occurred in Slovakia, when the government of the new Hungary did not want to accept an annex of Slovakia and the Carpathian Russia to Czechoslovakia. This opinion corresponded to opinions of the Hungarian minority in the area of the Czechoslovak Republic (CSR). However, Hungarian separatist efforts had never grown as the German one did, because Hungary did not have the international-political and military field power to implement its intentions.