History of military intelligence - period of the Second World War
Under Conditions of Domestic Protectorate Resistance
It is obvious that offices of the Third Reich created excellent conditions for Nazi state-security sector activities in the area of Bohemia and Moravia through the protectorate direction. Therefore any resistance activity was more difficult and conducting the intelligence defense of all organization groups and activities of the domestic resistance was more valuable. Further increase of defense intelligence importance came after the beginning of sabotage and diversionary activities in the area of Protectorate and dropping Czechoslovak parachutists in our territory.
One of the first, who took place in organization of resistance, were members of former Czechoslovak Army and professional intelligence, of course. As a result, illegal military resistance organizations in the whole protectorate, later called the Nation Defense, occurred. Basic networks were created and hierarchically divided municipal, country and local headquarters of the resistance organization were established till summer 1939. Military and political intelligence was the priority of the Nation Defense, where the aim was an armed opposition of the Czech nation to the occupying power.
Especially legionaries and senior officers from Prague and Brno established the Nation Defense. The commanders of this Czechoslovak underground army in the period of Nazi occupation were General Josef Bílý and his deputy Hugo Vojta, who was a connection to leaders of Sokol, since August 1939. Lieutenant Colonel Adler had responsibility for radio network control. Financial security was trusted to General Spěváček, who had secret sources of the Ministry of National Defense and Czech arms industry at his disposal. An outstanding person of the Nation Defense was also a Protectorate Prime Minister Divisional General Alois Eliáš. Also exile center in London, including intelligence intended for securing connection and this resistance organization, passed a comment to appointing the main representatives of the Nation Defense.