History of military intelligence - period of the Second World War
Organized Resistance in the West
Because of a temporary lapse of the state and emigration, the intelligence service of the Czechoslovak army lost one of principal preconditions for its independent activity - an own territory and a system of government. These things previously enabled any activity restricted only by state political interests and the limit of its own financial, technical, and territorial means and administrative possibilities. Czechoslovak military intelligence got into a position dependent on other states and their intelligence services. So, it conducted its operations from their territories or interest areas. It was a fundamental, long-term, and insolvable problem. Its unfavorable impacts could be only softened, restricted, and corrected, but not completely removed or eliminated.
In addition to the center of the abroad resistance movement in London, the Paris Administration of the Czechoslovak Army Committee and Military Board was established in the summer and then mainly since September 1939. The Intelligence Headquarters in Paris, which not many persons were working for, was operating from May 1, 1939 to June 1940. The residence was in a rented villa at 13, Victor Hugo Avenue. It was a relatively independent component. It was directly subordinated neither to the military administration nor to the command of Czechoslovak troops in France, and it represented an autonomous component of the London intelligence group.
The task of the Paris group was to carry out counter-espionage and to protect the Czechoslovak resistance organizations and military as well as political institutions against German infiltration and other negative influences. However, more real threats occurred not so much in connection with German intelligence activities, but more or less in connection with the internal relations within the Czechoslovak resistance movement. The intelligence defense operated under difficult conditions in a foreign territory without necessary state administration and executive, and it used to be dependent on testimonials and references of army members only. At the same time, the defense component was under a strong pressure of the French police and counter-intelligence, which forced the Czechoslovak persons to take measures, which were not beneficial to interests of the Czechoslovak resistance movement.