History of military intelligence - period of the Second Republic
The period of the so-called "Second Republic", i.e. after withdrawal from Sudetenland up to occupation of the rest of the territory and establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, is characterized by a deep moral shock of the Czech society and fortifying all separatist currents, being latent or moderate up to that time. Pressed by Germany and by some Czech politicians, LLD Edvard Beneš resigned from his presidency and he flew to London on October 22, 1938. The new government, facing the German threat, was trying to pursue a policy of compromises and appeasement. This also had its results in the army, which had to liquidate all offensive and defensive conceptions focused on Germany. A new concept of activities of the Ministry of National Defense resulted in ban on any operatives' activities directed against Germany. Colonel Moravec made some formal steps, which looked like fulfilling of this prohibition, but in fact he did not give up pursuing anti-German operatives' activities and concealed these activities thoroughly. Analytical activities relating to Germany were no more realized by a study group, but they were carried out by a scouting group itself. During this period, activities against Poland were started and anti-Hungarian operations continued. At that time, the 2nd Section was de facto headed by General Staff Colonel Moravec, because its de jure chief, General Staff Colonel František Hájek had been removed from his post, under the pressure of Germans.
As for military intelligence, the period of the Second Republic is characterized by a loss of political support. Even in the main staff there was not any clear idea of what would happen in the future and how to react upon possible variants of developments.